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Belleville
City of Belleville
101 S. Illinois St.
Belleville, IL 62220
Ph: 618-233-6810

Common Hazards By Occupancy Type
The following are common hazards for specific building uses and code requirements which are frequently violated.


MULTI-UNIT RESIDENCES

1. Blocked exits (1003.6)
2. Unserviced or missing fire extinguishers (901.6 and NFPA 10)
3. Excessive storage in corridors (315.2.2)
4. Cluttered attic, garage, under stairs, heating room (315.2.3 and 315.2)
5. Lack of (and/or not visible) exit signs (101.1)
6. Accumulation of dust and lint in laundry room (315.2 and 1302.2)
7. Combustibles stored next to water heater or furnace (315.2.3)
8. Lack of fire department access (503.4)
9. Fire protection equipment not working or serviced (907.20.5)
10. Faulty, untested standpipes (907.20.5)
11. Penetrations in fire partitions (708.1 IBC)
12. Incomplete or missing evacuation plans (404.4 and 404.5)
13. Stairway doors blocked open (703.2)
14. Lack of smoke detectors and/or record of testing (907.20.5 and 907.2.10.1.2)
15. Proof of fire drill training (408.10 in R-4 occupancy)
16. Flammable liquids storage (2703.8.7.2 and 3404.3.3.5.3)
17. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)


PLACES of ASSEMBLY

1. Blocked exits (constant problem) (1003.6)
2. No exit sign; exit lights out (1011.1 and 1006.1)
3. Doors locked during hours of occupancy (1008.1.3.4 and 1008.1.8.3)
4. Overcrowded, no occupant load sign posted (1004.3 and 107.6)
5. Aisles not adequate (1027.20)
6. Fire extinguisher not serviced or nonexistent (901.6 and NFPA 10)
7. Candles on tables in unsafe holders (permit required) (105.6.32 and 806.4)
8. Extension cords and other electrical problems (605.5.4 and 605.5)
9. Decorations not flame retardant (807.1)
10. Non-flame-retardant drapes (807.1)
11. Smoking (310.6)
12. Heating hazards (605.2)
13. Lack of panic hardware and/or door hard to open (1008.1.9)
14. No emergency lighting, not tested (1006.1)
15. Fire alarm testing, no record of testing (901.6.2)
16. Kitchen extinguishing systems not test (904.11.6.4)
17. Kitchen hood too much grease (904.11.6.3)
18. Dead bolts on exit doors with panic hardware (1008.1.9)
19. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)


RESTAURANTS

1. Grease accumulation on filters and in ducts (904.11.6.3)
2. Hood system not serviced, nonexistent (904.11, 904.11.6.1 and 609.2)
3. Doors locked during hours of occupancy (1008.1.8.3)
4. Decoration problems (807)
5. No exit sign and/or exit light out (1011.1 and 1006.6)
6. Cluttered boiler room, electrical equipment room (315.2.3)
7. Electrical hazards (605.1)
8. Heating hazards (605.2)
9. Extension cords (605.5 and 605.5.4)
10. Tables in exit paths (1003.6)
11. Kitchen hoot too much grease (904.11.6.3)
12. Permit required for candles (105.6.32 and 806.4)
13. Emergency lighting missing or not tested (1006.1)
14. Storage in exit path or tables blocking exit door (1003.6
15. No Occupant Load signs posted (1004.3 and 107.6)
16. Overcrowding exceeds the posted occupant load signs (107.6)
17. Painted sprinkler heads (9016 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)


WAREHOUSES

1. Fire protection equipment not in service (901.6, 901.7 and NFPA 10)
2. Fire doors obstructed by storage (703.2)
3. Exits obstructed (1003.6)
4. Electrical machinery hazards (605.8)
5. Extension cords (605.5.1 and 605.5)
6. Flammable liquid storage (3404.3.3.5.3)
7. Oily rags storage (304.3.1)
8. Rubbish (304.3)
9. Poor storage practices (315.2)
10. Storage in front of electrical panel (605.3)
11. Stock obstructing sprinklers (315.2.1)
12. Lack of fire department access (503.4)
13. Propane or gasoline operated lift trucks (314.4 and 309.5)
14. Separation of incompatible materials (2703.9.8)
15. Maintain smoke barriers (703.1.2)
16. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)


HOSPITALS

1. Fire protection equipment not in service (901.6, 901.7 and NFPA 10)
    (sprinklers, alarms and extinguishers)
2. Extension cords (605.5.1 and 605.5)
3. Smoking areas (310)
4. Cafeteria hazards – hood protection (904.11, 904.6.1 and 609.2)
5. Exits locked and/or blocked (1008.1.8)
6. Flammable liquid storage (3404.3.3.5.3)
7. Excessive storage of combustibles (315.2)
8. Emergency generator not tested (604.3.1 and 604.3.2)
9. Storage below sprinkler heads (315.2.1)
10. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)
11. Clearance around fire hydrants (308.5.5)
12. Lack of visible address (505.1)
13. Combustibles next to heating equipment (315.2.3)
14. Lack of proper maintenance of heating equipment (315.2.3)
15. Evacuation plan outdated, inadequate, or not posted (404 and 405)
16. Emergency lighting not tested (1006.1)
17. Lack of fire department access (503.4)
18. Exit corridors used for storage (315.2.2)
19. lack of fire drills and records proving such (405.5)
20. Lack of exit signs or exit sign lighting not working (1011.1 and 1006.1)
21. Bed storage in exits or corridors (315.2.2)
22. Fire doors that do not close and latch (703.2.3)
23. Commercial hood in kitchen (904.11.6.3)


OFFICE BUILDINGS

1. Exits locked or blocked (1008.1.8)
2. Extension cords (605.5.1 and 605.5)
3. Extinguishers not serviced or missing (901.6, 901.7 and NFPA 10)
4. Do not block fire hydrants and/or FDC (508.5.4)
5. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)
6. Smoking hazards (310)
7. Heating equipment near combustibles (315.2 and 305.1)
8. Improper storage of flammable liquids (34.4.3.3.5.3)
9. Lack of proper maintenance and testing of fire systems (907.20.5)
10. Blocked sprinkler heads (315.2.1)
11. No visible address (505.1)


MANUFACTURING

1. Electrical machinery (605.8)
2. Misuse of extension cords (605.5, 605.5.2 and 605.5.4)
3. Improper use and storage of flammable liquids (3404.3.3.5.3)
4. Storage of chemicals (2703.8.7.2)
5. Fire door assemblies modified (703.2)
6. Clocked and/or obstructed exterior doors, fire doors, etc. (1008.1.8)
7. Fire protection equipment not serviced (907.20.5)
8. Maintain smoke barriers (703.1.2)
9. Cluttered storerooms (315.2.3)
10. Smoking hazards (310)
11. Inadequate aisles and exits (1003.6)
12. Storage of business records (315.2.2)
13. Heating equipment problems (315.2)
14. Combustibles too close to heating equipment (315.2)
15. Spontaneous ignition (304.3.1)
16. Paint spraying operation – permit required (1504)
17. Dip tanks with faulty lids (1505)
18. Paint and chemical storage (3404.3.3.5.3)
19. No visible address (505.1)
20. Sparks from welding (2601)
21. Hazardous material placard (2703.5)
22. Disposal of trash, sawdust, debris (304)
23. Blocked sprinkler heads (315.2.1)
24. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)


SCHOOLS

1. Blocked or chained exits (1008.1.8)
2. Blocked sprinkler heads (315.2.1)
3. Exit lights not functioning (1011.2)
4. Fire protection equipment not maintained/missing (907.20.5)
5. Fire safety and evacuation plan (404.2)
6. Flammable liquids such as solvents, paints, cleaners, and duplicating fluids stored in offices, shops, and
    classrooms (3404.3.3.5.3)
7. Painted sprinkler heads (901.6 and NFPA 13-6.2.6.2.1)
8. Excessive combustibles storage (315.5)
9. Lack of fire drills and/or documentation (405)
10. Non-flame-retardant drapes in auditorium (807)
11. Extension cords used for permanent appliances (605.5)
12. Combustibles near heating equipment (315.2.3)
13. No visible address (505.1)
14. Fire protection equipment not in service (sprinklers, alarms, and extinguishers) 
     (901.6, 901.7 and NFPA 10)
15. Cafeteria hood system not properly cleaned (904.11.6.3)
16. Spray painting in shops and illegal/unapproved booths (1504)
17. Dip tanks, fusible links (1505)
18. Storage of oily rags (304.3.1)
19. Welding hazards – no permit (105.6.2.3)
20. Lack of emergency vehicle access to building (503.4)
21. Fire drill documentation (405)